Manton Marble (New York World Editor) CDV and autograph. Manton Marble period CDV taken at J. Gurney & Son, Broadway, NY and autograph signifying the World Office in New York. As the owner/editor of the New World newspaper in New York he.
Became engaged in a controversy with President Lincoln concerning the publication of certain dispatches in his newspaper. (November 16, 1834 July 24, 1917). Manton Marble was editor of the New York World , a leading Democratic newspaper.He was born in 1834 in Worcester, Massachusetts, but attended school in Albany, New York, where his family had moved in 1840. He continued his studies at Rochester University, working as an apprentice for the Rochester American newspaper. After graduating in 1855, he edited two Boston newspapers, and then took an editorial position with the New York Evening Post in 1858. Two years later, he accepted a job as night editor for the New York World , which had just begun publication, and became its chief editor in 1862. Financed by wealthy New York Democrats, such as August Belmont and Samuel Tilden, Marble made the daily newspaper into the chief organ of the Democratic Party in New York City. The World backed the Union military cause during the Civil War, but criticized Lincoln administration policies, especially emancipation, government centralization, and violations of civil liberties.
It became a victim itself of press censorship when the military briefly suspended its publication for printing an article on the alleged defeatist attitude of the Lincoln White House. During the 1864 presidential campaign the World endorsed George McClellan, the Democratic nominee, and stood against racial equality by playing on white fears of miscegenation. After the Civil War, Marble opposed the Reconstruction policies of the radical Republicans, but after heavy Democratic losses in the 1866 elections, he advised fellow partisans to accept voting rights for black men as an accomplished fact.
In the 1868 contest for the Democratic presidential nomination, he supported Salmon Chase, an advocate of black voting rights and of amnesty for former Confederates. Chase lost to Horatio Seymour, who was then soundly defeated by General Ulysses S. Grant, the Union war hero, in the general election.
During the 1872 presidential campaign, Marble joined other Democrats to endorse the candidacy of Liberal Republican Horace Greeley, who was defeated in the general election by President Grant. Thereafter, Marble became a leading promoter of Samuel Tilden, who was elected governor of New York in 1874 and narrowly lost the disputed presidential election of 1876 to Republican Rutherford B. Allegations that Marble attempted to bribe a Florida elector were never proved. Over the years, Marble had established the World as a major force in American journalism, and in 1866 beat out both the New York Herald and the Associated Press for control of news transmitted by the transatlantic telegraph cable.
By 1868, he personally had controlling interest in the journal and was able to become independent of Democratic Party oversight, although he continued to support Democratic policies and candidates. Readership declined, however, and the paper suffered heavy financial losses during the depression of the early 1870s.
Scott, president of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Three years later, Marble married Abby Williams Lambard; the couple had no children. He promoted this view by ghostwriting the 1885 and 1886 treasury reports of Daniel Manning, secretary of the treasury in the Democratic administration of Grover Cleveland.Marble became frustrated and angry when the president decided to push for tariff reform instead of monetary reform, so the former journalist concentrated his efforts on electing David B. Hill governor of New York on a free silver platform. Marble continued during the second Cleveland administration (18931897) to urge international bimetallism, but made little headway. In the late 1890s, Marble moved to England, where he died in 1917. George McJimsey, Marble, Manton Malone, American National Biography (online). How a Racist Newspaper Defeated Lincoln in New York in the 1864 Election. 11, 2017 7:25PM ET / Published May. 02, 2013 4:45AM ET. Few Americans of the Civil War generation doubted that the 1864 presidential campaignoften called the most important election in historywould ultimately boil down to the incendiary issue of race, at least in the tinderbox of New York City. In the metropolis where a draft riot had escalated into a race riot just one year earlier, the pro-Democratic, anti-emancipation newspaper the New York World produced several pieces of provocative evidence to testify to this ugly race-based strategy for defeating Lincoln and the Republicans and hopefully overturning his 1863 proclamation. Most newspapers of the day openly aligned with one political party or the other and made no secret of their orientation. There was never any question of the World s antipathy toward Abraham Lincoln. The paper had opposed him editorially ever since the beginning of the Civil War, excoriating him as a dictator, challenging the constitutionality of the military draft, and reserving particularly virulent attacks for the presidents Emancipation Proclamation. Not long before his quest for reelection, Lincoln had further ensured the World s enmity by personally ordering the paper shut down and its editor Manton Marble arrested. This occurred after the World publishedinnocently, it always unconvincingly maintainedan obviously forged presidential order calling for an additional 500,000 volunteers for the Union army. In other words, Lincoln believed the World had done more than act maliciously; it had acted fraudulently as well. But the World had more than a persecution complex where Lincoln was concerned.
In the view of its white supremacist editors, his reelection would do nothing less than undermine the rights of the countrys white majority. It would encourage Republicans to create a repugnantly integrated society and supposedly result in a humiliating loss of jobs and status for its loyal readers, many of them Irish American Catholics who had already made their fears violently manifest during the previous summers rioting. As the presidential campaign got under way, the World made its hatred for Lincoln clear enough in its editorial columns, charging the president with plotting to use a second term to establish a mixed-race society in which black men would be free to marry white women, and black masters would employ white servants.
Even for this period of unprecedented partisanship, however, the World forged unusual alliances by campaigning against Lincoln through other genres, including book and picture publishing, that had long remained separate from the politically charged world of newspapers. In one example, the World collaborated with a New York printmaker to issue a series of venomous cartoons that played to the racial fears of white voters.
It is important to remember that most engravings and lithographs of the period, including politically inspired caricatures, were issued by nonpartisan entrepreneurs like Currier & Ives, who sought to profit from customers of all political persuasions. The racially charged series that appeared under the sponsorship of the World was unique.
No one is absolutely certain how the resulting poster cartoons were displayed during the Civil War era. Too crude to adorn private homes like the concurrently mass-produced heroic portraits and battle scenes, these caricatures were probably toted in parades, affixed to outdoor walls, tacked up in political clubhouses, or laughed over in taverns. A broadside advertising them in 1864 emphasized their appeal to the Democratic Social Circlewhatever that was. The anti-Lincoln World series focused almost exclusively on race and was meant in particular to arouse fears that black men would soon be engaging in sexual relations with white womenjust the kinds of charges that invariably triggered the most violent fear and hatred. One particularly distasteful, but enormously revealing, example of the Worlds unrepentantly racist anti-Lincoln campaign is a colorful lithograph in the Societys collection, The Miscegenation Ball , published specifically for the presidential contest by the local firm of Bromley & Company.The result was more than a mere cartoon. This print purported to provide an accurate depiction of an event allegedly held at New Yorks Lincoln Central Campaign Club on Broadway and 23rd Sreet on Sept. 22, 1864perhaps not accidentally the second anniversary of the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. The World had reported that after a brief official meeting at the club, organizers had cleared the room so Lincoln supporters, including prominent men, could cavort with black women at a scandalous negro ball. Quoting the papers toxic coverage of the alleged event, the prints caption assured viewers: This fact WE CERTIFY, that on the floor during the progress of the ball were many of the accredited leaders of the Black Republican party , thus testifying their faith by their work in the hall and headquarters of their political gathering. There were Republican OFFICE-HOLDERS and prominent men of various degrees, and at least one PRESIDENTIAL ELECTOR ON THE REPUBLICAN TICKET. The lithograph portrayed mixed-race couples dancing or embracing indecently on the sidelines, while astonished white eyewitnesses peer onto the shocking scene from a skylight above.
Gracing the hall in the distance is a portrait of Lincoln himselfhis image here meant to imply he had somehow blessed the outrageous affair. Was but one of a series of Bromley & Company campaign lithographs issued that autumn in an effort to incite voter Negrophobia. In one similar attack, Lincoln was shown bowing to a mixed-race couple on the street and, in yet another, being thrown from a train wreck labeled The Abolition Catastrophe after crashing into the obstructions of Emancipation, Confiscation, [and] Public Debt, according to an advertisement of the day also in the New-York Historical Society collection. Alone among these prints, The Miscegenation Ball was designed by a truly gifted printmaking outfit: the Canal Street firm of Kimmel & Forster, specialists in sporting and genre scenes, whose participation probably reflected no political biasonly a strong profit motive.
A typical printmaker for hire, Kimmel & Forster issued pro-Lincoln lithographs as well. The Miscegenation Ball was an exception in its otherwise bland, though proficient, catalog. It was a picture meant to inflame racial tensions at the expense of truththe equivalent of a 21.Century unfounded blog or tweet, except that a major daily newspaper masterminded it. Around the same time the Miscegenation Ball calumny took hold, it should be noted, a brave black woman from New York made her own dramatic gesture toward equality. Ellen Anderson, a Sabbath school teacher, got word in June 1864 that her husband, William, had been killed in action while serving as a sergeant in the 26th Colored Regiment. A few days later, Mrs.
Anderson attempted to ride in the whites-only car of the Eighth Avenue railroad. A policeman was summoned to remove her, but Mrs. Anderson asked to be left where she was: she had just lost her husband, she explained, and she was sick and wished only to ride up home. When the police officer insisted she leave at once, Mrs. Anderson tried pointing out that she had paid her fare and had a right to ride anywhere.Unconvinced, the officer tried hauling her out of her seat, but Mrs. Anderson grabbed a strap and hung on. Not until a second officer was summoned was she dragged from the train as a crowd of apathetic spectators looked on. Anderson ultimately retained counsel and pursued the matter legally; her courage helped desegregate New Yorks transit system.
And it forcibly demonstrated that blacks would resist discrimination even if papers like the New York World tried to deflect their movement with diversions like the so-called scandal of the purported miscegenation ball. But the threatening idea of integration proved hard to eradicate. Surely the most hideous testimony to its intractable hold on the public imagination is evident in the form of another World -inspired product from the 1864 campaign: a 72-page booklet titled Miscegenation: The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro, published that same year by the Manhattan firm of H.Crafted as a wholly serious political document in an age in which pamphlets were regarded as important devices for the advancement of political philosophy, Miscegenation openly advocated the blending of the white and black races on this continent to achieve a fairer society. An innocent reader perusing its pages would be greeted with a laborious, if earnest, defense of what was for its time a radical fringe idearacial equalitywithout ever realizing that it was designed as a deadpan, tongue-in-cheek farce. Scientific facts were presented along with supportive data from history and quotations from Shakespeare. The publication not only advocated racial amalgamationin other words, interracial sexwhich most whites of the day found appalling; it first proposed the entirely new word to describe it: miscegenation, from the Latin miscere (to mix) and genus (race). Most readers never realized that the uncredited pamphlet was actually the work of the New York World correspondents David G. Croly and George Wakeman, whom Londons Morning Herald once described, in something of an understatement, as obstinate Democrats in politics. Not content with merely perpetrating the hoax, the authors dispatched complimentary copies anonymously to a number of the countrys leading black and white antislavery men, accompanied by letters encouraging their endorsementsor what modern publishers call blurbs.
Now the correspondents brazenly asked the president for permission to dedicate it to your excellency. The letter ended by flattering Lincoln for giving liberty to four millions of human beings during his first term and expressing the hope that the next four years may find these freedmen possessed of all the rights of citizenship and recognized as one of the elements that will enter into the emancipation of the future American race. The perpetrators of the Miscegenation caper clearly hoped that Lincoln would fall for the scheme and reply with an acknowledgment they could reprint and circulate widely to prove to voters that the president indeed harbored integrationist sympathies. Such a charge could doom his reelection chances. But Lincoln apparently saw through the hoax and remained silent.This dodge will hardly succeed, Londons Morning Herald reported when it learned about the affair, proceeding to boastin an insensitive acknowledgment of the racial prejudices reigning even among the presidents supportersMr. Lincoln is shrewd enough to say nothing on the unsavory subject. Abraham Lincoln never commented on the episode publicly. Instead, he pasted the endorsement request onto the inside cover of his copy of Miscegenation and simply filed it away.
His copy was discovered years later among the Lincoln papers donated by the presidents son to the Library of Congress and not opened to historians until 1947. But it remains one of the earliest examples of the political dirty trick in the collectionor on recordthe ancestor of todays anonymous negative political advertising on television.It serves also as a reminder that while Civil War battles continued to rage, politics and race were never out of the national conversation. Abraham Lincoln won reelection in November 1864. But he was overwhelmingly defeated in New York City. Reprinted by arrangement with Viking, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. The Civil War in 50 Objects. By Harold Holzer and The New-York Historical Society. The item "Manton Marble (New York World Editor) CDV and autograph, Civil War" is in sale since Sunday, January 12, 2020. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Autographs\Other Collectible Autographs". The seller is "bancas" and is located in Butternut, Wisconsin. This item can be shipped to United States.