On the Rappahannock River Aug 21st 1862. We left Harrisons Landing last Thursday night about 12 o'clock and marched about 3 miles and halted laid on our arms until just daylight Friday morning when we commenced our march for Yorktown.The 1st day we got across the Chickahominy being, by the way we came about 28 miles arriving there about 12 o'clock midnight started before daylight saturday morning, marched about 14 to 17 miles passing through Williamsburg and going 2 miles beyond to where the old fortifications are that were used by the Rebels in their retreat from Yorktown last spring, halted for the night or what was left of it as we did not arrive there until about 11 o'clock, being again called up just at daylight the Sunday morning and off for Yorktown which they said was only 12 miles but I have a night to guess so I guess it was 16 or 17. York State miles (as Virginia miles are considerable longer than York State) however at last about 6 o'clock P.
We were camped for the night about a 2 miles beyond the fort at Yorktown, rested or rather hung up until 5 1/2 o'clock Monday and started for Fortress Monroe 24 miles distant arriving at the Fortress, or about 2 miles from there about 8 o'clock P. When we thought our journey must surely be ended. But a soldier is a regular know nothing and the same old Bugle sound that had often received only but the most endearing and pleasing language the same old General could be seen and heard with the words, often before spoken, "Fall in 14th, " issuing form his mouth, to the great annoyance of those sleeping too soundly to hear the Bugle.Burnside's forces are here have been here 5 or 6 days. Pope is some where around here but can not tell where. I or any but those in hight authority know what is up, certain it is however that action is at hand, and in my opinion we lack something, let that something be troops or Generals. Yet with the aid of reinforcements I think if they arrive soon we can again get the upper hand of the Rebellion.
Our troops are a worn out lot of troops you may guess after such fatiguing marches through the hot sun and burning sands of this land all the men are crippled with sore feet and swollen limbs. They (the stragglers) are continually coming in almost gone in. Several are back from our company but will be picked up by the rear guard and shoved forward. We got lots of Peaches and other fruits on the march green corn etc.
We left ere I came off guard and did not have time to finish. We marched that night and arrived here in the morning about 20 miles from Fredericksburg and are guarding this ford but have not put up tents. But lay ready to move either forward or back at a montes notice. I hear that Pope has been driven back. If so I think we will have to retire ere long.
Expecting call, so I close with love to all. The letter is written on three pages of 7 3/4" x 10" bifolium stationery sheet. The paper is in excellent, sturdy condition, not stiff, and not particularly delicate. There are several creases at the locations of original folds.Very little wear to edges and corners. There is a 2 1/2 smooth tear, as if made by a sharp knife, right in the middle of page 3, but when the letter is laid flat it appears like nothing more than an errant pen stroke. Please see my other items for more interesting Civil War letters, documents, and images, including other items related to this same soldier.
The item "1862 Civil War Letter 14th New York Corporal Describes Regiment's Movements" is in sale since Thursday, July 26, 2018. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\Civil War (1861-65)\Original Period Items\Correspondence, Mail". The seller is "iron-horse-sales" and is located in Champaign, Illinois.
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